The impact of the greco persian war in history
The impact of the greco persian war in history
The Persian army encamped on the flat grounds of the town of Trachis, only a short distance from Thermopylae. It was inevitable, then, that there would be tension between the Greek and Persian ways of life, and in bc several Greek cities in Asia Minor revolted against the Persian King Darius. The Greeks then prevented a surprise attack on Athens itself by quickly marching back to the city. Themistocles persuades his fellow citizens to apply their windfall to a collective cause - the building of a navy stronger than any other in Greece. The chosen site is Thermopylae, a long narrow valley through which any army must pass if moving down the coast towards Athens. Its preferred tactic was to volley arrows from a distance, the archers firing from behind the protection of wicker shields planted in the ground. To the Greek strategists in bc, Thermopylae represented their best chance to stop or at least delay the Persian army long enough to allow their combined fleets to draw the Persian navy into a decisive sea battle. Reaching Athens, the Persians fire blazing arrows into the wooden barricade. There, Xerxes stopped his troops for four days, waiting upon the inevitable flight of the overawed Greeks. It was there that the Spartans, whose own city was unique in that it had no walls relying instead upon the bravery of its citizens for defense , advocated the construction of a wall across the Isthmus of Corinth, thereby protecting only the southernmost part of Greece. His reply, as reported, suggests genuine bewilderment. Themistocles and the Athenian fleet: BC Nobody doubts that the Persians will be back, but the death of Darius in extends the lull before the storm. His advice is accepted. Despite the imperturbable courage of Dieneces and the other Spartans, the Greeks were shaken when the Persian host finally neared their position. Yet the Spartan elite believed passionately in their freedom, and their sense of duty, imbued at an early age, guaranteed that no Spartan commander would ever have to resort to whips to drive his soldiers into battle.
The Athenians voted to evacuate their city. On two successive days he orders his best troops into the narrow defile. His forces advanced toward Europe in bce, but, when much of his fleet was destroyed in a storm, he returned home.
What was an effect of the greek victory in the persian wars?
Recognizing the danger, Leonidas had dispatched his Phocian contingent to guard the path. These wildly improbable figures suggest the scale of the renewed threat as perceived in Greece. There was no place for cavalry at Thermopylae and, even more critical, no place to volley arrows. A runner, whom Herodotus names as Pheidippides, is sent to seek help from Sparta. The magnitude of his force was so great that he must have anticipated only demanding surrender in order to receive it. They visit the battlefield as admiring tourists, to inspect the Persian dead. A vengeful man, Darius had ordered that the severed heads of the magi be paraded through the streets on pikes. The exile, for whom there was no love lost for the city that had expelled him, admitted that no length of odds could possibly convince the Spartans to submit. Far from keeping away, an expedition of approaches alarmingly close to Greece from the north, conquering Thrace and Macedonia to bring the northern coast of the Aegean under Persian control.
Experienced Spartan warriors would come out from behind the walls, do fierce battle with the Persians, then feign retreat in order to draw the Persians into a trap. The Greeks decided to deploy a force of about 7, men at the narrow pass of Thermopylae and a force of ships under Themistocles at Artemisium.
Sometime before the battle, the Spartan Dieneces was told that when the Persian archers let loose a volley, their arrows would hide the sun. At Marathon 10, Greek hoplites confront perhaps 25, Persians.
The epic stand of the Spartans at Thermopylae inspired a wider resistance among the terrified Greeks; but Athens still fell, although most of its people took shelter behind its 'wooden walls' -- its fleet.
Themistocles argues that these disadvantages will be irrelevant in a restricted space, where Greek fighting skills can tip the balance as in the narrow pass at Thermopylae.
Persian boys, it was said, were taught only three things: to ride, to tell the truth and to use the bow. Themistocles persuades his fellow citizens to apply their windfall to a collective cause - the building of a navy stronger than any other in Greece.
There is time to plan.
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