Democracy and its meaning in the united states and other western countries
Western democracy definition
Domestic factors differ by country: states like Brazil and India have vibrant nongovernmental organizations that push their governments to do more to support human rights and democratic norms, whereas civil society pressure is weaker in other countries. But some non-Western states have developed modest forms of democracy support. The decision to introduce the euro in was taken largely by technocrats; only two countries, Denmark and Sweden, held referendums on the matter both said no. The most active democracy supporters—countries like Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States—each spend at least several hundred million dollars on political aid each year. Since the supporters of these forms of government were known as liberals, the governments themselves came to be known as liberal democracies. Military intervention in Rwanda in to prevent or stop genocide would have been just such a case. In both the United States and Europe, broader geopolitical changes add to internal democratic weaknesses. Countries like Brazil, Indonesia, and Turkey fund a familiar range of democracy-related training and capacity-building projects. This is precisely what we see in the data and chart below. Democratic dysfunction goes hand in hand with democratic distemper. Its democracy is also corrupted by gerrymandering, the practice of drawing constituency boundaries to entrench the power of incumbents. Bush elevated democratization in the Middle East as a strategic priority. In general, Western diplomats may remonstrate impatiently that non-Western democracies are failing to be tough on dictators, but their own record on this front is poor too. These include the turmoil in post-invasion Iraq, election results favoring extremists, growing doubts about the neoliberal economic model, and the rise of an alternative Chinese statist model. If there is indeed a link between good health and political freedom, we might expect that older democracies enjoy better health.
Or is it democratization that leads to good health? Conversely, non-Western diplomats are often wide of the mark when they accuse Western powers of coercively imposing democracy in blanket uniformity around the world.
In addition, European democracies continue to struggle with the consequences of supranational integration: as decisionmaking has moved from the national to the European level, efforts to boost citizen participation have not kept pace.
Inthe top 1 percent in Europe owned around 64 percent of all wealth, whereas in the United States the figure was 45 percent. Inonly about 64 percent of the U.
This continues to be the case even when their perceptions of Western policies are dated and inaccurate, just as Western judgments about non-Western policies are often overly haughty and dismissive. Priority European Challenges Rise of Illiberal Movements and Parties In Europe, the most severe current challenges relate to the outcomes of democratic politics.
National politicians have surrendered ever more power, for example over trade and financial flows, to global markets and supranational bodies, and may thus find that they are unable to keep promises they have made to voters.
This is significant in part because it suggests that these governments still feel they need to justify their foreign policy agendas to domestic audiences in terms of being anti-Western or at least non-Western.
based on 26 review